Billie Holiday (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was an American jazz and swing music singer. Holiday had an innovative influence on jazz music and pop singing. Her vocal style, strongly inspired by jazz instrumentalists, pioneered a new way of manipulating phrasing and tempo. She was known for her vocal delivery and improvisational skills. Holiday won four Grammy Awards, all of them posthumously, for Best Historical Album. She was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame and the National Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame. She was also inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Holiday’s song Strange Fruit was widely regarded as one of the first protest songs of the civil-rights movement.